Echoes From The Cave

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Item#: 9780195433692
Author Gannett, Lisa
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Ideal for introductory philosophy courses that take a topical, problem-oriented approach, this anthology offers an in-depth exploration of the five main
anches of philosophy-metaphysics, epistemology, morality, politics, and aesthetics. Considerations of these
anches are anchored by readings
from Plato and expanded through thoughtfully edited historical and contemporary pieces by a wide range of thinkers, inviting students to become active participants in the philosophical tradition.

Table of Contents
Note: Each chapter includes:
- Introduction
- Film Notes
Part One: The Real
Plato: Cave Allegory
Personal Identity
John Locke: Of Identity and Diversity
Oliver Sacks: The Lost Mariner
Derek Parfit: Personal Identity
Marya Schechtman: The Same and the Same: Two Views of Psychological Continuity
Simone de Beauvoir: Introduction to The Second Sex
Thomas King: You're Not the Indian I Had in Mind
Freedom and Determinism
Baron d'Holbach: Of the System of Man's Free Agency
David Hume: Of Liberty and Necessity
Immanuel Kant: The Antimony of Pure Reason
Moritz Schlick: When Is a Man Responsible?
Harry G. Frankfurt: Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility
Marcia Baron: Crime, Genes, and Responsibility
Natural and Social Kinds
John Locke: Of Words
Hilary Putnam: Meaning and Reference
John Dupre: Natural Kinds and Biological Taxa
Ian Hacking: Madness: Biological or Constructed?
Sally Haslanger: Gender and Race: (What) Are They? (What) Do We Want Them to Be?
Michel Foucault: Preface to The Order of Things
Part Two: The True
Plato: From Meno
Knowledge of the External World
Rene Descartes: From Meditations on First Philosophy
George Berkeley: From Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous, in Opposition to Skeptics and Atheists
David Hume: From Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
Immanuel Kant: From Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics
Nelson Goodman: Words, Works, Worlds
Anjan Chakravartty: Realism and Anti-Realism; Metaphysics and Empiricism
Knowledge of the Mind
Maurice Merleau-Ponty: The Experience of the Body and Classical Psychology
Ludwig Wittgenstein: From Philosophical Investigations
Troy Jollimore: The Solipsist
J. J. C. Smart: Sensations and Brain Processes
Hilary Putnam: The Nature of Mental States
Thomas Nagel: What Is it Like to Be a Bat?
Methods of Scientific Inquiry
Francis Bacon: Aphorisms Concerning the Interpretation of Nature and the Kingdom of Man
Karl R. Popper: A Survey of Some Fundamental Problems
Kathleen Okruhlik: Birth of a New Physics or Death of Nature?
John Beatty: Teleology and the Relationship between Biology and the Physical Sciences in the Nineteenth Century
Lorraine Code: Public Knowledge, Public Trust: Toward Democratic Epistemic Practices
Part Three: The Good
Plato: Euthyphro
Moral Foundations
Aristotle: From Nicomachean Ethics
Immanuel Kant: From Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Ethics
John Stuart Mill: What Utilitarianism Is
Jurgen Habermas: On the Cognitive Content of Morality
Challenges to Moral Foundations
Friedrich Nietzsche: Morality as Anti-Nature
A.J. Ayer: Critique of Ethics
Jean-Paul Sartre: From "Existentialism and Humanism"
Melville J. Herskovits: Cultural Relativism and Cultural Values
Gender and Morality
Martha C. Nussbaum: Judging Other Cultures: The Case of Genital Mutilation
Carol Gilligan: Moral Orientation and Moral Development
Susan Sherwin: Ethics, "Feminine" Ethics, and Feminist Ethics
Martha Nussbaum: Judging Other Cultures: The Case of Genital Mutilation
Catherine Wilson: Moral Equality and "Natural" Subordination
Part Four: The Just
Plato: Crito (or On Duty)
Civil Disobedience
Henry D. Thoreau: Resistance to Civil Government
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Letter from Birmingham Jail
John Rawls: The Justification of Civil Disobedience
Democratic Government
John Locke: From Second Treatise of Government
John Stuart Mill: From Considerations on Representative Government
Anne Phillips: Quotas for Women
Charles W. Mills: Modernity, Persons, and Subpersons
Multiculturalism
Charles Taylor: The Politics of Recognition
Will Kymlicka: From Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights
Dale Turner: Liberalism's Last Stand: Minority Rights and the (Mis)recognition of Aboriginal Sovereignty
Himani Bannerji: On the Dark Side of Nation: Politics of Multiculturalism and the State of "Canada"
Part Five: The Beautiful
Plato: Art as Imitation
Plato: Diotima on Beauty: Socrates' Speech in Symposium
Art and Aesthetics
Arthur Schopenhauer: On the Metaphysics of the Beautiful and Aesthetics
Arthur Danto: The Artworld
Alfred Lessing: What Is Wrong with a Forgery?
James O. Young: The Aesthetics of Cultural Appropriation
A Beautiful Life
Leo Tolstoy: From A Confession
Susan Wolf: The Meanings of Lives
Bernard Williams: The Makropulos Case: Reflections on the Tedium of Immortality
Glossary