Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Reconstruction & Basic Science
|Author||Prodromos Et Al|
Now in a combined resource that includesprint, eBook, and video ,The Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Reconstruction and Basic Science, 2nd Edition, by Dr. Chadwick Prodromos, provides the expert guidance you need toeffectively select the right procedure and equipment, prevent complications, and improve outcomes for every patient. Written and edited by world leaders in hamstring, allograft, and bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) ACL reconstruction, this revised reference is a must-have resource for the full range of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction techniques, plus fixation devices, rehabilitation, revision ACLR surgery, and much more!
Table of Contents
Section 1: Anatomy and Genetics of ACL Injury 1. Anatomy and Biomechanics of the ACL2. Genetic Influences on ACL Injury3. The Association Between ACL Tear and Femoro-Aceteblar ImpingementSection 2: Mechanism, Incidence and Epidemiology of ACL Injury 4. Mechanisms of Noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries5. Risk and Gender Factors for Noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury6. Risk of ACL injury as a function of type of Playing Surface7. The Incidence of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury as a Function of Gender, Sport, and Injury-Reduction Programs8. Analysis of ACL Injury Prevention Programs for the Female AthleteSection 3: Diagnosis and Treatment of ACL tears 9. Diagnosis of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear10. MRI for the diagnosis and treatment of ACL tears11. Nonoperative Management of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Deficient PatientsSection 4: Economics of ACLR 12. The Economics of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear and Reconstruction13. An Economic Analysis of ACL Tear Treatment: 1. Reconstruction versus Rehabilitation and 2. Early Reconstruction versus Rehabilitation with Optional Late ReconstructionSection 5: Graft Mechanical Properties 14. The Relative Strengths of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Autografts and Allografts15. Comparative and Morphological Analysis of Commonly Used Autografts for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with the Native ACL: An Electron, Microscopic and Morphologic StudySection 6: Graft Choices 16. The Case for the Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Autograft with ACL Reconstruction17. The Case for Hamstring ACL Reconstruction18. The case for Quadriceps Autograft19. Current Status on Synthetic GraftsSection 7: Graft Harvest Techniques, Preparation and Complications 20. Hamstring Harvest Technique for ACL Reconstruction21. Posterior Mini-Incision Hamstring Harvest Approach for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction22. Technique for Harvesting a Mid-Third Patella Tendon Graft for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction23. The Central Quadriceps Free Tendon for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction24. Hamstring Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with a Quadrupled or Tripled Semitendinosus Tendon Graft25. 5- and 6-Strand Hamstring Tendon Graft Preparation for Single-Bundle Hamstring ACL Reconstruction26. Harvest Complications and Donor Site Morbidity: Hamstring Grafts27. Harvest Complications and Morbidity of Patellar Tendon Harvest for BPTB ACL Reconstruction28. Harvest Complications and Donor Site Morbidity: Quadriceps Grafts29. Chemical sterilization techniques for Allograft preparation for ACLR30. Radiation Sterilization techniques for Allograft preparation for ACLR31. Hamstring Regeneration Following Harvest for ACL Reconstruction: A Review of the Current Literature32. Regeneration of the Donor Site After Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Graft Harvest for ACL Reconstruction, and Possible Enhanced Regeneration Using Platelet Rich PlasmaSection 8: Reconstruction Techniques 33. Pearls for ACL Reconstruction34. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Hamstrings in Press-Fit Technique Without Hardware35. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Quadriceps Tendon Autograft36. Three Portal Technique for Anatomic Single-Bundle ACL Reconstruction37. Anatomical Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Procedure Using the Semitendinosus and Gracilis Tendons38. Anatomical Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with a Semitendinosus Hamstring Tendon Graft39. Anatomic Double-Bundle Reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament40. Augmented Grafts: Synthetic/Allograft/Autograft41. A Systematic Review of Single vs Double Bundle ResultsSection 9: Principles of Tunnel Formation 42. Trans Tibial Tunnel Drilling of the Femoral Tunnel for Anatomic Single Bundle ACL Reconstruction43. The Anteromedial Portal for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction44. Intraoperative Fluoroscopy for ACL Tunnel Placement45. ACL All-Inside Retroconstruction: Single- and Double-Bundle Techniques46. SwitchCut all inside tunnel formation47. Use of the Pinpoint Guide System for ACL Reconstruction48. Femoral Tunnel Placement to Restore Normal Knee Laxity After ACL Reconstrution49. A Description of the Direct Femoral Attachment of the ACL: Implication for Femoral Tunnel Placement in Reconstruction50. Use of Versitomic Flexible Reamer System for ACL ReconstructionSection 10: Control of Pain in ACLR 51. Risks and Benefits of Femoral Nerve Block for ACLR52. Saphenous Nerve Block for ACL Reconstruction53. Efficacy of Cryotherapy for postoperative ACL Reconstruction Analgesia54. Chondrolysis: Risk Benefit Analysis of "Caine" Local Anesthetics for ACL Reconstruction55. Use of Preoperative Gabapentin for Postoperative Pain Relief After ACL Reconstruction56. Obturator and Sciatica Nerve Block for ACL ReconstructionSection 11: Additional Surgical Considerations 57. Notch Anatomy and Notchplasty58. Computer-Assisted Navigation for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction59. Sparing the ACL Remnant: Is it worth the hassle?60. Graft Tensioning in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction61. The Use of CO2 instead of fluid in Arthroscopic ACL ReconstructionSection 12: Fixation Biomechanics 62. Intratunnel ACL Graft Fixation63. Biomechanical Considerations of Suspensory Cortical Fixation DevicesSection 13: Soft-Tissue Graft Cortical Fixation 64. Endobutton Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Femoral Fixation65. Cortical Screw Post Femoral Fixation Using Whipstitches, Fabric Loop or Endobutton: the Universal Salvage66. Arthrex Tightrope Fixation of a Soft Tissue Graft67. RigidLoop Femoral Fixation Techniques68. MedShape Exo Shape Fixation69. Biomet ToggleLoc70. EZLoc : Optimizing Femoral Fixation for Soft Tissue Graft Anterior Cruciate Ligament ReconstructionSection 14: Soft-Tissue Graft Interference Screw Fixation 71. Hamstring Tendon Interference Screw Fixation72. Cayenne Aperfix Fixation73. Milagro Advance (Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate, Poly Lactide Co-Glycolide Biocomposite) Interference Screw for ACL Reconstruction74. Hamstring ACL Reconstruction with BioIntraFix Femoral Fastener75. ComposiTCP Fixation76. Bioabsorbable Versus Metal Interference Screws: Adverse Events and Clinical Results77. Use of TunneLoc for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction78. Improving Biodegradable Interference Screw Properties by Combining PolymersSection 15: Soft-Tissue Graft Tibial Fixation 79. Whipstitch-Post Tibial Fixaton for ACL Reconstruction80. WasherLoc: Optimizing Tibial Fixation of Soft Tissue Grafts used for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction81. Hamstring Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with INTRAFIX and BioINTRAFIX Tibial Fastener SystemsSection 16: BTB Graft Fixation 82. Interference Screw Fixation in Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone ACL Reconstruction83. Use of the Tightrope BTB for ACL Reconstruction84. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using a Mini-Arthrotomy Technique with Either an Ipsilateral or a Contralateral Autogenous Patellar Tendon Graft85. ACL Reconstruction using ENDOBUTTON CL BTB Fixation System: For both Antero-Medial and Transtibial Reaming of the Femoral TunnelSection 17: Graft Healing and Ligamentization 86. Graft Remodeling and Ligamentization After ACL Reconstruction87. Graft-tunnel healing88. Graft Length in the Tunnel in Anterior Cruciate Ligament ReconstructionSection 18: Revision ACLR 89. Revision ACL Reconstruction Using Autologous Hamstring Tendons90. Hamstring Four to Six Strand Double Bundle Graft for Revision or High Risk Primary ACL Reconstruction91. Revision Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Autograft92. Revision ACL Reconstruction: Management of Femoral Tunnel Malposition93. Revision Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction - the MARS StudySection 19: ACLR in Skeletally Immature Patients 94. Techniques and Complications of Transphyseal Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in the Skeletally Immature Patient95. An Overview of the Diagnosis and Treatment of the Torn ACL in the Skeletally Immature Athlete96. Operative Versus Nonoperative Treatment and Timing of Surgery in Skeletally Immature Patients with ACL TearSection 20: ACL Partial Tears 97. Partial Tear of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Management with One Bundle Augmentation Technique98. Acute ACL Rupture: A Biological Approach Through Primary ACL Repair; Augmentation with Bone Marrow Stimulation; Growth Factor Injection99. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction of Partial Tears: Isolated Single Bundle Reconstruction100. Sonographically Guided Anterior Cruciate (ACL) Injection: Technique and Potential Use for the Treatment of Partial ACL TearSection 21: Associated Injuries of the Bone, Ligament, Meniscus, Cartilage and Nerve 101. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Combined with Medial Collateral Ligament, Posterior Cruciate Ligament, and/or Lateral Collateral Ligament Injury102. Treatment of Meniscus Tears with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction103. Meniscal repair with ACLR104. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Combined with High-Tibial Osteotomy, Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation, Microfracture, Osteochondral, and/or Meniscal Allograft Transplantation105. ACL-Deficiency in the Varus-Angulated Knee: Diagnosis, Surgical Techniques, Clinical Outcomes106. W6: The Treatment of Combined Posterolateral Knee Injures and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears107. ACLR Related Bone Contusions: Association with Intrarticular Injury, Pain and Outcomes108. Ganglion CystSection 22: ACLR and UKA 109. Indications for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in ACL Deficient Patients undergoing Unicondylar Knee Arthroplasty110. Techniques for Combined ACLR and UKASection 23: Rehabilitation 111. ACL Strain Behavior During Rehabilitation Exercises112. Principles of ACL Rehabilitation113. The Stability-Conservative ACL Reconstruction Rehabilitation Protocol114. Proprioception and ACL Reconstruction115. Functional Bracing for ACL Injuries: Current State and Future Direction116. Prehabilitation Before ACLRSection 24: Outcomes After ACLR 117. Stability Results After ACL Reconstruction118. Health Related Quality of Life After ACLR119. Allografts Have Higher Failure Rates Than Autografts in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Young, Active Patients120. Factors Associated With the Increased Allograft Failure Rate In ACL Reconstruction121. Are Articular Cartilage Lesions and Meniscus Tears Predictive of IKDC, KOOS, and Marx Activity Level Outcomes After ACLR122. Arthrosis Following ACL Tear and Reconstruction123. Criteria for Return to Sports After ACLR124. A comparison of the Standardized Rating Forms for Evaluation of ACL Injured or Reconstructed PatientsSection 25: Patient Factors that Contribute to Success or Failure 125. ACLR Outcomes as a Function of Age126. BMI and Weight Effects on the Results of ACLR127. The Effects of Smoking on ACLR Outcomes128. Psychological Predictors of ACLR OutcomesSection 26: Return to Sports 129. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Patients with Hereditary Abnormalities Involving Connective Tissue130. Performance and Return to Sport After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Skiers and Snowboarders131. Return to play and future ACL Injury Risk After ACL reconstruction in Soccer Players132. Return to American Football After ACL ReconstructionSection 27: Complications 133. Infections in ACL Surgery134. Osteoporosis After ACL Reconstruction?135. Tunnel Widening After ACL Reconstruction136. Numbness/Saphenous Nerve137. Hardware Complications After ACL Reconstruction138. Vascular Complications After ACL Reconstruction and DVT prophylaxis139. Fracture Complications After ACL Reconstruction140. Anterior Knee Problems After ACL Reconstruction141. Stiffness: Prevention and Treatment142. Treatment of Tibial Eminence Fractures: A Systematic ReviewSection 28: Gait Analysis and ExtraArticular Reconstruction 143. Gait Analysis in ACL Deficient and Reconstructed Knees144. Extra-Articular Tenodesis and ACL Recontruction: Techniques and OutcomesSection 29: Tissue Engineering and the Future 145. Growth Factors and Other New Methods for Graft-Healing Enhancement146. The Future Possibilities of Biologic ACLR