Abc Of Clinical Reasoning

Item Information
Item#: 9781119059080
Edition 01
Author Cooper & Frain (Eds)
 


Being a good clinician is not just about knowledge & how doctors and other healthcare professionals think, reason and make decisions is arguably their most critical skill. While medical schools and postgraduate training programmes teach and assess the knowledge and skills required to practice as a doctor, few offer comprehensive training in clinical reasoning or decision making. This is important because studies suggest that diagnostic error is common and results in significant harm to patients & and errors in reasoning account for the majority of diagnostic errors.

TheABC of Clinical Reasoningcovers core elements of the thinking and decision making associated with clinical practice & from what clinical reasoning is, what it involves and how to teach it. Informed by the latest advances in cognitive psychology, education and studies of expertise, theABCcovers:

Evidence-based history and examinationUse and interpretation of diagnostic testsHow doctors think & models of clinical reasoningCognitive and affective biasesMetacognition and cognitive de-biasing strategiesPatient-centred evidence based medicineTeaching clinical reasoning

From an international team of authors, theABC of Clinical Reasoningis essential reading for all students, medical professionals and other clinicians involved in diagnosis, in order to improve their decision-making skills and provide better patient care.



Table of Contents

Contributors vi

Preface vii

1 Clinical Reasoning: An Overview 1
Nicola Cooper and John Frain

2 Evidence'-Based History and Examination, 6
Steven McGee and John Frain

3 Using and Interpreting Diagnostic Tests 12
Nicola Cooper

4 Models of Clinical Reasoning 17
Martin Hughes and Graham Nimmo

5 Cognitive Biases 22
Nicola Cooper

6 Human Factors 27
Nicola Cooper

7 Metacognition and Cognitive Debiasing 33
Pat Croskerry

8 Using Guidelines, Scores and Decision Aids 39
Maggie Bartlett and Simon Gay

9 Teaching Clinical Reasoning 44
Nicola Cooper, Ana L. Da Silva and Sian Powell

Recommended Books, Articles and Websites 51

Index 53