Practical Cardiovascular Medicine

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Item#: 9781119233367
Edition 01
Author Hanna, Elias B
Cover Paperback
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Prepare yourself for success with this unique cardiology primer which distils the core information you require and presents it in an easily digestible format.  <
/>Provides cardiologists with a thorough and up-to-date review of cardiology, from pathophysiology to practical, evidence-based managementAbly synthesizes pathophysiology fundamentals and evidence based approaches to prepare a physician for a subspecialty career in cardiologyClinical chapters cover coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, valvular disorders, pericardial disorders, and peripheral arterial diseasePractical chapters address ECG, coronary angiography, catheterization techniques, ecnocardiography, hemodynamics, and electrophysiological testingIncludes over 650 figures, key notes boxes, references for further study, and coverage of clinical trialsReview questions at the end of each chapter help clarify topics and can be used for Board preparation - over 375 questions in all!

Table of Contents
Preface, xixAb
eviations, xxPART 1. Coronary Artery Disease, 1 1. Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome, 1Appendix 1. Complex angiographic disease, moderate disease, 13Appendix 2. Women and ACS, elderly patients and ACS, CKD, 14Appendix 3. Bleeding, transfusion, prior warfarin therapy, gastrointestinal bleed, 15Appendix 4. Antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy, 16Appendix 5. Differences between plaque rupture, plaque erosion, and spontaneous coronary dissection, 19Appendix 6. Harmful effects of NSAIDs and cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in CAD, 19Questions and answers, 19References, 252. ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction, 301. Definition, reperfusion, and general management, 312. STEMI complications, 42Appendix 1. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: role of early coronary angiography and therapeutic hypothermia, 52Questions and answers, 54References, 593. Stable CAD and Approach to Chronic Chest Pain, 65Appendix 1. Note on outcomes with various surgical grafts, 77Appendix 2. Coronary vasospasm (variant angina, Prinzmetal angina), 79Appendix 3. Women with chest pain and normal coronary arteries, 81Appendix 4. Myocardial
idging, 81Appendix 5. Coronary collaterals, chronic total occlusion, 82Appendix 6. Hibernation, stunning, ischemic preconditioning, 82Questions and answers, 83References, 87PART 2. Heart Failure (Chronic and Acute Heart Failure, Specific Cardiomyopathies, and Pathophysiology), 93 4. Heart Failure, 93Definition, types, causes, and diagnosis of heart failure, 941. Definition and types of heart failure, 942. Causes of heart failure, 973. Diagnostic tests, 100Chronic treatment of heart failure, 1021. Treatment of systolic heart failure, 1022. Treatment of HFpEF, 114Acute heart failure and acutely decompensated heart failure, 115Appendix 1. Management of isolated or predominant RV failure, 125Questions and answers, 127References, 1355. Additional Heart Failure Topics, 1421. Specific cardiomyopathies, 1422. Advanced heart failure: heart transplant and ventricular assist devices (VADs), 1463. Pathophysiology of heart failure and hemodynamic aspects, 149References, 155PART 3. Valvular Disorders, 157 6. Valvular Disorders, 1571. Mitral regurgitation, 1582. Mitral stenosis, 1673. Aortic insufficiency, 1734. Aortic stenosis, 1785. Tricuspid regurgitation and stenosis, 1866. Pulmonic stenosis and regurgitation, 1877. Mixed valvular disease; radiation heart disease, 1888. Prosthetic valves, 1899. Auscultation and summary ideas, 193Questions and answers, 197References, 206PART 4. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, 211 7. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, 211Questions and answers, 221References, 222PART 5. Arrhythmias and Electrophysiology, 225 8. Approach to Narrow and Wide QRS Complex Tachyarrhythmias, 225Questions and answers: Practice ECGs of wide complex tachycardias, 235Further reading, 2419. Ventricular Arrhythmias: Types and Management, Sudden Cardiac Death, 242Questions and answers, 254References, 256Further reading, 25710. Atrial Fi
illation, 258Appendix 1. Antiarrhythmic drug therapy (indications and examples), 265Appendix 2. Catheter ablation of atrial fi
illation, surgical ablation, AV nodal ablation, 267Appendix 3. INR follow-up in patients receiving warfarin; new anticoagulants, 268Appendix 4. Bridging anticoagulation in patients undergoing procedures and receiving warfarin, 270Appendix 5. Management of elevated INR values, 270Appendix 6. A common special situation: AF and symptomatic pauses (sinus or AF pauses) or
adycardia, 271Appendix 7. DC cardioversion in patients with a slow ventricular response, 271Appendix 8. AF occurring post-cardiac surgery and AF related to acute transient triggers, 271Appendix 9. Brief asymptomatic runs of AF seen on telemetry or device interrogation, 272Questions and answers, 272References, 274Further reading, 27711. Atrial Flutter and Atrial Tachycardia, 278Questions and answers, 285References, 287Further reading, 28712. Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia, Atrioventricular Reciprocating Tachycardia, Wolff&Parkinson&White Syndrome, and Junctional Rhythms, 288Questions and answers, 301Further reading, 30213. Bradyarrhythmias, 304Questions and answers, 317References, 31914. Permanent Pacemaker and Implantable Cardioverter Defi
illator, 320Questions and answers: Cases of PM troubleshooting, 338References, 34415. Basic Electrophysiologic Study, 346Further reading, 35716. Action Potential Features and Propagation: Mechanisms of Arrhythmias, Antiarrhythmic Drugs, 358Further reading, 365PART 6. Pericardial Disorders, 367 17. Pericardial Disorders, 3671. Acute pericarditis, 3682. Tamponade, 3703. Pericardial effusion, 3734. Constrictive pericarditis, 376Questions and answers, 384References, 386Further reading, 387PART 7. Congenital Heart Disease, 389 18. Congenital Heart Disease, 3891. Acyanotic congenital heart disease, 3892. Cyanotic congenital heart disease, 3983. More complex cyanotic congenital heart disease and shunt procedures, 401Questions and answers, 404References, 407PART 8. Peripheral Arterial Disease, 409 19. Peripheral Arterial Disease, 4091. Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease, 4092. Carotid disease, 4183. Renal artery stenosis, 421Questions and answers, 422References, 42520. Aortic Diseases, 428References, 437PART 9. Other Cardiovascular Disease States, 439 21. Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Vein Thrombosis, 4391. Pulmonary embolism, 4392. Deep vein thrombosis, 4453. Immune heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, 446Questions and answers, 447References, 44722. Shock and Fluid Responsiveness, 4491. Shock, 4492. Fluid responsiveness, 452Appendix. Hemodynamic equations, transfusion, and miscellaneous concepts, 454References, 45523. Hypertension, 4561. Hypertension, 4562. Hypertensive urgencies and emergencies, 465Questions and answers, 467References, 46924. D yslipidemia, 472Questions and answers, 476References, 47725. Pulmonary Hypertension, 479Questions and answers, 484References, 48626. Syncope, 488Questions and answers, 495References, 49727. Chest Pain, Dyspnea, Palpitations, 4991. Chest pain, 4992. Acute dyspnea, 5023. Palpitations, 504References, 50528. Infective Endocarditis and Cardiac Rhythm Device Infections, 5071. Infective endocarditis, 5072. Cardiac rhythm device infections, 511References, 51329. Preoperative Cardiac Evaluation, 514Questions and answers, 518References, 51930. Miscellaneous Cardiac Topics: Cardiac Masses and Tumors, Pregnancy, HIV and Heart Disease, Cocaine and the Heart, Chemotherapy and Heart Disease, Chest X-Ray, 5211. Cardiac masses, 5222. Pregnancy and heart disease, 5233. HIV and heart disease, 5274. Cocaine and the heart, 5275. Chemotherapy and heart disease, 5286. Chest X-ray, 529Questions and answers, 532References, 534PART 10. Cardiac Tests: Electrocardiography, Echocardiography, and Stress Testing, 537 31. Electrocardiography, 537Appendix 1. Supplement on STEMI and Q-wave MI: phases and localization, 589Appendix 2. Spread of electrical depolarization in various disease states using vector illustration, 594Questions and answers, 595References, 598Further reading, 60132. Echocardiography, 6021. General echocardiography, 6022. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) views, 639Further reading, 64833. Stress Testing, Nuclear Imaging, Coronary CT Angiography, 649Appendix 1. Mechanisms of various stress modalities, 656Appendix 2. Nuclear stress imaging, 657Appendix 3. Coronary CT angiography, 660References, 663Further reading, 664PART 11. Cardiac Tests: Invasive Coronary and Cardiac Procedures, 665 34. Angiographic Views: Coronary Arteries and Grafts, Left Ventricle, Aorta, Coronary Anomalies, Peripheral Arteries, Carotid Arteries, 665Questions and answers, 697Further reading, 69935. Cardiac Catheterization Techniques, Tips, and Tricks, 70036. Hemodynamics, 720Appendix 1. Advanced hemodynamic calculation: a case of shunt with pulmonary hypertension, 737Questions and answers: Additional hemodynamic cases, 738References, 74037. Intracoronary Imaging, 7411. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), 7412. Optical coherence tomography (OCT), 749References, 751Further reading, 75138. Percutaneous Coronary Interventions and Complications, Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump, Ventricular Assist Devices, and Fractional Flow Reserve, 752Questions and answers, 770Further reading, 773Index, 775