Treatment Of Cerebral Palsy & Motor Delay

Item Information
Item#: 9781119373865
Edition 06
Author Levitt & Addison
Cover Paperback
On Hand 0
On Order 0

Treatment of Cere
al Palsy and Motor Delayis a highly practical, easy-to-read resource for all paediatric practitioners and students working with the developmental abilities and difficulties of children, providing a thorough overview of cere
al palsy and its treatment.Thesixth editionhas been thoroughly revised and updated to integrate the latest evidence-base on motor control and motor learning, whilst still retaining Sophie Levitt's eclectic, holistic and functional approach. It includes greater detail on paediatric occupational therapy, classification systems, the latest systematic reviews of research, as well as an expanded chapter on adolescents and adults with cere
al palsy. The chapter on equipment has also been increased so as to be of further relevance to occupational therapists.Supported by clear diagrams and photographs, as well as summaries to consolidate learning, it outlines therapeutic approaches and suggests treatment and management options, providing a wealth of practical information. The book promotes positive relationships between therapists, people with cere
al palsy and their families.

Table of Contents
Foreword ixPreface xiAcknowledgements xvii1 The clinical picture for therapy and management 1 Incidence of cere
al palsy 1Motor dysfunction 1Associated impairments and disabilities 3Broad framework for therapy and management 4Aetiology of cere
al palsy 7Genetic causes 7Causes in later childhood 7Neuroimaging 7Clinical picture and development 8Change at different ages 9Classification systems 11Topographical classifications 14Classification of motor types of cere
al palsies 15Common features observed in all presenting types of cere
al palsies 21Motor delay 22Summary 232 A collaborative learning approach 25 Working with parents within a family framework 25Emotional support 26Parents vary 27Other adults 28Family‐centred services 28Research on home and school visits 30Collaborative learning approach 30Opportunities to discover what the parents and child want to achieve 31Opportunities to clarify what is needed for these achievements, to recognize what parents and children already know and can do, and to find out what they still need to learn and do 32Involvement in the selection and use of methods 34Involvement in the evaluation of progress 37Parent&child interaction 38Helping a child to learn motor control (body function) and motor function (activity) 39Observation of parent and child interaction 40Social needs 41Parents& health 41Teamwork with parents 42Siblings 43Alternative and complementary treatments 44Summary 463 Learning motor function 49 Learning methods 50Development of a child&s attention and learning 52Practical ideas to promote attention and learning 53A child&s own strategies for a chosen goal 54Task analysis 55Cues for learning 56Verbal guidance 58Rewards 58Practice and experience 59Summary 604 Adolescents and adults 61 Studies of function in adolescents and adults 62Activity goals 63Issues of concern for adolescents and adults 64Adolescents 65Adults 66Healthy lifestyle 67Develop appropriate community mobility 68Training of self‐care and cosmetic appearance 69Knowledge about the condition 69Therapeutic activities 70Measures 70Summary 705 Outline of treatment approaches 71 History 71Muscle education and
aces 71Progressive pattern movements 73Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitations (PNF) 74Neuromotor development 75Neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) (Bobath approach) 75Sensory stimulation for activation and inhibition 77Reflex creeping and other reflex reactions 78Conductive education 79Sensory integration 81Context therapy 82Strength training 82Systems‐based task‐oriented approach 87Mobility Opportunities via Education (MOVE) 88Contemporary theories 896 Evidence‐based practice 93 Research and clinical studies 93Research on treatment approaches 93Theoretical grounds 94Research studies 94Reviews of research studies 94Research on specific procedures 95Other research 95Clinical experience with evidence‐based practice 96Definitions 97The appraisal of research studies for therapy 98Examples of qualitative research methods (Greenhalgh and Taylor 1997) 1027 Synthesis of treatment approaches 103 The eclectic viewpoint in therapy 103Synthesis of treatment systems 104The postural mechanisms 105Trunk control 108Voluntary motion 108Perceptual&motor function 110Principles for a synthesis of therapy and management 110Developmental training 111Some advantages and disadvantages of modifications of developmental sequences 114Treatment of atypical tone 116Training of movement patterns 117Use of afferent stimuli 118Management of deformity 1208 Assessment for therapy and management 121 Approach to assessment 121Assessment and measurements 125Examples of atypically persistent postures, movements, and functions 132Functional measures 133Specific functional items 135Measures of upper extremity and hand function 137Measures of daily activity and participation 138Quality of life and health‐related quality of life measures 142Norm‐referenced measures of stages of child development 143Neonatal assessments 144Methods of observation of gait 145Additional assessment required 154Records 155Summary 1569 Treatment procedures and management 157 Motor training 157Development of the child with severe visual impairment 161Developmental Training 168Prone development 168Supine development 193Development of sitting 208Development of standing and walking 230Lower limb orthoses for standing and walking 263Development of hand function 277Techniques for carrying the child correctly 30710 Function and the child&s daily life 309 Motor function in communication 310Motor function in self‐care activities 313Motor function for leisure 32611 Therapeutic group work 329 General management of groups 331Selection of children 332The programme 333Summary 33512 Management of deformities 337 Causes of deformities 338Therapy goals 343Deformities and gait 344General considerations related to surgery 348Therapy and daily care 351Dynamic arm deformity 365Deformities of trunk and neck 36513 Assessment, prescription, and provision of equipment 367 Equipment for self‐care tasks 368Postural management equipment 370Sleep systems 381Other equipment for positioning 383Mobility equipment 383Adaptations and the built environment 391Appendix 1 Developmental levels 393Physical ability assessment guide 393Wheelchair use 397Appendix 2 Useful organisations 399References 401Index 429