Making The Dsm-5: Concepts & Controversies
|Author||Paris & Phillips|
In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association published the 5thedition of itsDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders(DSM-5). Often referred to as the "bible" of psychiatry, the manual only classifies mental disorders and does not explain them or guide their treatment. While science should be the basis of any diagnostic system, to date, there is no knowledge on whether most conditions listed in the manual are true diseases. Moreover, in DSM-5 the overall definition of mental disorder is weak, failing to distinguish psychopathology from normality. In spite of all the progress that has been made in neuroscience over the last few decades, the psychiatric community is no closer to understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of mental disorders than it was fifty years ago.InMaking the DSM-5, prominent experts delve into the debate about psychiatric nosology and examine the conceptual and pragmatic issues underlying the new manual. While retracing the historic controversy over DSM, considering the political context and economic impact of the manual, and focusing on what was revised or left unchanged in the new edition, this timely volume addresses the main concerns of the future of psychiatry and questions whether the DSM legacy can truly improve the specialty and advance its goals.
Highlighting some of the practical and conceptual problems which underly DSM-5, this timely book gathers a group of prominent experts to analyze debate about psychiatric nosology and to appraise the state of the current diagnostic system.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Historical/Ideological Perspectives1. The History of DSMEdward Shorter2. Considering the Economy of DSM AlternativesJohn Z. Sadler3. The Ideology behind DSM-5Joel ParisPart 2: IdeologicalandConceptual Perspectives4. The Biopolitics of Defining "Mental Disorder"Warren A. Kinghorn5. Establishing Normative Validity for Scientific Psychiatric Nosology: The Significance of Integrating Patient PerspectivesDouglas Porter6. The Paradox of Professional Success: Grand Ambition, Furious Resistance, and the Derailment of the DSM-5 RevisionOwen Whooley and Allan V. HorwitzPart 3: Conceptual Perspectives7. DSM in Philosophyland: Curiouser and CuriouserAllen Frances8. Overdiagnosis, Underdiagnosis, Synthesis: A Dialectic for Psychiatry and the DSMJoseph M. Pierre9. What does Phenomenology Contribute to the Debate about DSM-5Aaron Mishara and Michael A. Schwartz10. The Conceptual Status of DSM-5 DiagnosesJames Phillips11. ConclusionJames Phillips