Drug Calculations For Nurses: A Step-By-Step Approach

Item Information
Item#: 9781482248456
Edition 04
Author Lapham, Robert
Cover Paperback
On Hand 0
On Order 0
 


The administration of drug treatments in hospitals has become increasingly complex. It sometimes involves potent drugs that may be fatal if administered incorrectly. The ability to perform drug calculations accurately is therefore paramount to prevent placing patients at risk. Drug Calculations for Nurses: A Step-by-Step Approach teaches healthcare professionals how to perform drug calculations with confidence and competence. It provides step-by-step guidance to carry out accurate drug calculations, with units and drug strengths clearly explained. This bestselling pocket-size book begins with the basic mathematical skills required to perform calculations, including tips on estimating answers. It then covers drug strengths and concentrations, dosage calculations, IV infusion therapies, and pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. Two separate chapters focus on children and the elderly, addressing specific challenges encountered in these populations. Helpful worked examples, key points, and objectives are included in every chapter. Useful tables with common prescription ab
eviations, estimation of renal function, and body surface area estimates are easily accessible through the appendices. This new edition comes with an online pre-test enabling readers to benchmark their knowledge. Specific weaknesses can then be identified and addressed in the printed book. Also included is a revision test that allows readers to assess their ability to perform drug calculations after completing the book.

Table of Contents
MATHEMATICS Basics Introduction Arithmetic Symbols Basic Maths Rules of Arithmetic Fractions and Decimals Roman Numerals Powers or Exponentials First Principles Before We Start Sense of Number and the Use of Calculators or Formulae Estimation of Answers The ¿One Unit¿ Rule Checking Your Answer ¿ Does it Seem Reasonable? Putting it All Together Minimizing Errors Percent and Percentages Introduction Percent and Percentages Converting Fractions to Percentages and Vice Versa Converting decimals to Percentages and Vice Versa Calculations Involving Percentages Drug Calculations Involving Percentages How to Use the Percentage Key on Your Calculator Units and Equivalences Introduction SI Units Prefixes Used in Clinical Practice Equivalences Conversion from One Unit to Another Guide to Writing Units Moles and Millimoles Introduction What are Moles and Millimoles? Millimoles and Micromoles Drug Strengths or Concentrations Introduction Percentage Concentration mg/mL concentrations ¿1 In ¿¿ Concentrations or Ratio Strengths Parts Per Million (ppm) Drugs Expressed in Units PERFORMING CALCULATIONS Dosage Calculations Introduction Calculating the Number of Tablets or Capsules Required Drug Dosages Based on Patient Parameters Ways of Expressing Doses Calculating Drug Dosages Displacement Values or Volumes Prescriber Calculations Infusion Rate Calculations Introduction Drip Rate Calculations (drops/min) Conversion of Dosages to mL/hour Conversion of mL/hour Back to a Dose Calculating the Length of Time for IV Infusions ADMINISTERING MEDICINES Intravenous Therapy and Infusion Devices IV Infusion Therapy Answers Infusion Devices Infusion Device Classification Action and Administration of Medicines Action and Administration of Medicines Introduction Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics Administration of Medicines Promoting the Safer use of Injectable Medicines Children and Medicines Introduction Drug Handling in Children Pharmacodynamics Routes of Administration of Drugs Practical Implications Useful Reference Books Approximate Values Useful in the Calculation of Doses in Children The Elderly and Medicines Introduction Drug Handling in the Elderly Specific Problems in the Elderly General Principles Sources and Interpretation of Drug Information Introduction Sources of Drug Information The Internet Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) Revision Test Section One: Basics Per cent and Percentages Units and Equivalences Drug Strengths or Concentrations Dosage Calculations Infusion Rate Calculations Compare Your Scores Answers to Problems Answers to Problems Set in Chapters Per Cent and Percentages Units and Equivalences Moles and Millimoles Drug Strengths or Concentrations Dosage Calculations Infusion Rate Calculations Action and Administration of Medicine Appendices Body Surface Area (BSA) Estimates Weight Conversion Tables Height Conversion Tables Calculation of Body Mass Index (BMI) Estimation of Renal Function Ab
eviations Used in Prescriptions

Review Quotes
\"¿covers everything nurses need to know to administer medications ¿ The step-by-step approach includes examples of how to work problems. In addition, there are practice tests online, as well as tips and key points to help students understand math concepts. Some pharmacological concepts are also covered, such as pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics.\"¿ ¿Carol Agana, MNSc, CNP, APRN, University of Arkansas in Doody¿s Book Reviews