Native American Dna: Tribal Belonging & The False Promise...
Who is a Native American? And who gets to decide? From genealogists searching online for their ancestors to fortune hunters hoping for a slice of casino profits from wealthy tribes, the answers to these seemingly straightforward questions have profound ramifications. The rise of DNA testing has further complicated the issues and raised the stakes.InNative American DNA, Kim TallBear shows how DNA testing is a powerfulâ€”and problematicâ€”scientific process that is useful in determining close biological relatives. But tribal membership is a legal category that has developed in dependence on certain social understandings and historical contexts, a set of concepts that entangles genetic information in a web of family relations, reservation histories, tribal rules, and government regulations. At a larger level, TallBear asserts, the â€œmarkers that are identified and applied to specific groups such as Native American tribes bear the imprints of the cultural, racial, ethnic, national, and even tribal misinterpretations of the humans who study them.TallBear notes that ideas about racial science, which informed white definitions of tribes in the nineteenth century, are unfortunately being revived in twenty-first-century laboratories. Because today's science seems so compelling, increasing numbers of Native Americans have begun to believe their own metaphors: â€œin our blood is giving way to â€œin our DNA. This rhetorical drift, she argues, has significant consequences, and ultimately she shows how Native American claims to land, resources, and sovereignty that have taken generations to ratify may be seriouslyâ€”and permanentlyâ€”undermined.
Because today's DNA testing seems so compelling and powerful, increasing numbers of Native Americans have begun to believe their own metaphors: â€œin our blood is giving way to â€œin our DNA. InNative American DNA, Kim TallBear shows how Native American claims to land, resources, and sovereignty that have taken generations to ratify may be seriouslyâ€”and permanentlyâ€”undermined.
Table of Contents
ContentsAcknowledgmentsIntroduction: An Indigenous, Feminist Approach to DNA Politics1. Racial Science, Blood, and DNA2. The DNA Dot-com: Selling Ancestry3. Genetic Genealogy Online4. The Genographic Project: The Business of Research and RepresentationConclusion: Indigenous and Genetic Governance and Knowledge